Science

Science is about asking questions, understanding the world around us and our role in the world. At KES, students are encouraged to ask questions about the world around them by developing skills of planning and conducting investigations, gathering information, team work and evaluating their findings. Our students are encouraged to act responsibly when using scientific equipment and applying scientific knowledge.

Over the course of five years, students study Physics, Chemistry and Biology. During this time, students’ problem solving skills are developed, along with their numeracy and literacy skills. At the end of Key Stage 4, many students then go on to study Biology, Chemistry and Physics A Levels, or Applied Science BTEC.

The Science team at KES is led by Mr Osei-Poku, who, along with a team of fourteen subject specialists and five technicians, endeavours to develop an inclusive and supported environment where students are encouraged to achieve their personal best.

Key Stage 3

Over the course of Year 7, 8 and 9, students are taught key concepts which serves as foundation for GCSE. The topic titles are as follows: 

Year

Biology topics

Chemistry topics

Physics topics

7

Cells

Eating, Drinking and Breathing

 

Mixing, Dissolving and Separating

Elements, Compounds and Reactions

Forces and their Effects

Energy Transfers and Sound

8

Getting the energy                             

Looking at Plants and Ecosystems

Explaining Physical Changes

Explaining Chemical Changes

Exploring Contact and Non-contact Forces

Magnetism and Electricity

9

Variation for Survival

Our Health and the Effects of Drugs

Obtaining Useful Materials

Using our Earth Sustainably 

Motion on Earth and Space

Waves and Energy Transfer  

Key Stage 4

In Year 10 and 11, students study AQA GCSE Science. AQA Combined Science (Trilogy) course offers 24 different units and the AQA Separate Sciences course offers 25 different units altogether.

Combined Science (Trilogy)

This qualification is linear; students sit all their exams at the end of the course. There are six papers: 2 Biology, 2 Chemistry and 2 Physics. Each of the papers will assess knowledge and understanding from distinct topic areas. The duration of the written exam will be1 hour 15 minutes (Foundation and Higher Tier) worth 70 marks. Students will be awarded 2 grades (9 – 1) in this course.

The course outline is found below: 

Biology Paper 1

Chemistry Paper 1

Physics Paper 1

Combined Science (code 8464) 

B1 Cell Biology

B2 Organisation

B3 Infection and response

B4 Bioenergetics

C1 Atomic structure and the periodic table

C2 Bonding, structure, and the properties of matter

C3 Quantitative chemistry

C4 Chemical changes C5 Energy changes

P1 Energy

P2 Electricity

P3 Particle model of matter

P4 Atomic structure

Biology Paper 2

Chemistry Paper 2

Physics Paper 2

B5 Homeostasis and response

B6 Inheritance, variation and evolution

B7 Ecology

C6 The rate and extent of chemical change

C7 Organic chemistry

C8 Chemical analysis

C9 Chemistry of the atmosphere

C10 Using resources

P5 Forces

P6 Waves

P7 Magnetism and electromagnetism

Some students will follow the AQA GCSE separate Sciences pathway; they will be awarded Biology, Chemistry and Physics GCSEs. Students will be examined through sitting 2 exam papers in each subject (6 altogether). The duration of each paper is 1 hour 45 minutes. These students will cover a detailed content than students studying Combined Science.

We will decide the suitable pathway that allows the student to reach their full potential.

The course outline is found below: 

Biology (Code: 8461)

Chemistry (Code: 8462)

Physics (Code: 8463)

Biology Paper 1

Chemistry Paper 1

Physics Paper 1

B1 Cell biology

B2 Organisation

B3 Infection and response

B4 Bioenergetics

C1 Atomic structure and the periodic table

C2 Bonding, structure, and the properties of matter

C3 Quantitative chemistry

C4 Chemical changes

C5 Energy changes

P1 Energy

P2 Electricity

P3 Particle model of matter

P4 Atomic structure

Biology Paper 2

Chemistry Paper 2

Physics Paper 2

B5 Homeostasis and response

B6 Inheritance, variation and evolution

B7 Ecology

C6 The rate and extent of chemical change

C7 Organic chemistry

C8 Chemical analysis

C9 Chemistry of the atmosphere

C10 Using resources

P5 Forces

P6 Waves

P7 Magnetism and electromagnetism

P8 Space physics

Link to specification:

Biology - http://filestore.aqa.org.uk/resources/biology/specifications/AQA-8461-SP-2016.PDF

Chemistry - http://filestore.aqa.org.uk/resources/chemistry/specifications/AQA-8462-SP-2016.PDF 

Physics - http://filestore.aqa.org.uk/resources/physics/specifications/AQA-8463-SP-2016.PDF

Revision resources for KS3 and KS4

Key Stage 5

In Year 12 and 13, students can choose to follow either:  Biology, Chemistry, Physics A Levels or Forensic Science BTEC.

Biology

AQA Course codes
7401, 7402

Content
1. Biological molecules
2. Cells
3. Organisms exchange substances with their environment
4. Genetic information, variation and relationships between organisms
5. Energy transfers in and between organisms (A Level only)
6. Organisms respond to changes in their internal and external environments (A Level only)
7. Genetics, populations, evolution and ecosystems (A Level only)
8. The control of gene expression (A Level only) 

Assessment

Paper 1
Any content from topics 1–4, including relevant practical skills
Duration: 2 hours
Marks available: 91 marks
Percentage of overall score: 35% of A Level

Paper 2
Any content from topics 5–8, including relevant practical skills
Duration: 2 hours
Marks available: 91 marks
Percentage of overall score: 35% of A Level

Paper 3
Any content from topics 1–8, including relevant practical skills
Duration: 2 hours
Marks available: 78 marks
Percentage of overall score: 30% of A Level

Link to specification
http://filestore.aqa.org.uk/resources/biology/specifications/AQA-7401-7402-SP-2015.PDF

Recommended Resources

Chemistry 

AQA Course Codes
7404, 7405

Content 
3.1 Physical chemistry
3.1.1 Atomic structure
3.1.2 Amount of substance
3.1.3 Bonding
3.1.4 Energetics
3.1.5 Kinetics
3.1.6 Chemical equilibria, Le Chatelier’s principle and Kc
3.1.7 Oxidation, reduction and redox equations
3.1.8 Thermodynamics (A-level only)
3.1.9 Rate equations (A-level only)
3.1.10 Equilibrium constant Kp for homogeneous systems (A-level only)
3.1.11 Electrode potentials and electrochemical cells (A-level only)
3.1.12 Acids and bases (A-level only)
3.2 Inorganic chemistry
3.2.1 Periodicity
3.2.2 Group 2, the alkaline earth metals
3.2.3 Group 7(17), the halogens
3.2.4 Properties of Period 3 elements and their oxides (A-level only)
3.2.5 Transition metals (A-level only)
3.2.6 Reactions of ions in aqueous solution (A-level only)
3.3 Organic chemistry
3.3.1 Introduction to organic chemistry
3.3.2 Alkanes
3.3.3 Halogenoalkanes
3.3.4 Alkenes
3.3.5 Alcohols
3.3.6 Organic analysis
3.3.7 Optical isomerism (A-level only)
3.3.8 Aldehydes and ketones (A-level only)
3.3.9 Carboxylic acids and derivatives (A-level only)
3.3.10 Aromatic chemistry (A-level only)
3.3.11 Amines (A-level only)
3.3.12 Polymers (A-level only)
3.3.13 Amino acids, proteins and DNA (A-level only)
3.3.14 Organic synthesis (A-level only)
3.3.15 Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (A-level only)
3.3.16 Chromatography (A-level only)

Assessment

Paper 1
Relevant physical chemistry topics (sections 3.1.1 to 3.1.4, 3.1.6 to 3.1.8 and 3.1.10 to 3.1.12), inorganic chemistry (section 3.2) and relevant practical skills.
Duration: 2 hours
Marks available: 105 marks
Percentage of overall score: 35% of A-level

Paper 2
Relevant physical chemistry topics (sections 3.1.2 to 3.1.6 and 3.1.9), organic chemistry (section 3.3) and relevant practical skills.
Duration: 2 hours
Marks available: 105 marks
Percentage of overall score: 35% of A-level

Paper 3
Any content and any practical skills.
Duration: 2 hours
Marks available: 90 marks
Percentage of overall score: 30% of A-level

Link to specification http://filestore.aqa.org.uk/resources/chemistry/specifications/AQA-7404-7405-SP-2015.PDF

Recommended Resources

Physics

AQA Course Codes
7407, 7408

Content
1. Measurements and their errors
2. Particles and radiation
3. Waves
4. Mechanics and materials
5. Electricity
6. Further mechanics and thermal physics
7. Fields and their consequences
8. Nuclear physics

Optional topic:
9. Astrophysics

Assessment

Paper 1
Sections 1 to 5 and 6.1 (Periodic motion)
Duration: 2 hours
Marks available: 85 marks
Percentage of overall score: 34% of A-level
Style of Questions: 60 marks of short and long answer questions and 25 multiple choice questions on content.

Paper 2
Sections 6.2 (Thermal Physics), 7 and 8
Duration: 2 hours
Marks available: 85 marks
Percentage of overall score: 34% of A-level
Style of Questions: 60 marks of short and long answer questions and 25 multiple choice questions on content.

Paper 3
Section A Compulsory section: Practical skills and data analysis
Section B: Students enter for optional topic (sections 9)
Duration: 2 hours
Marks available: 80 marks
Percentage of overall score: 32% of A-level
Questions: 45 marks of short and long answer questions on practical experiments and data analysis.
35 marks of short and long answer questions on optional topic.

Link to specification
http://filestore.aqa.org.uk/resources/physics/specifications/AQA-7407-7408-SP-2015.PDF

Recommended Resources

 

Gifted and Talented Students

Projects and Opportunities on Offer

  • In the extra-curricular science club students are working towards their bronze or silver CREST Award, a curriculum enhancement programme. Six students were awarded their silver and bronze award last year.
  • Science Live is an annual event where students can listen to eminent British scientists.
  • University students in residence - ex-KES students who studying Physics at Oxford University and The  University of Manchester, returned to speak to Sixth Form students about Maths and Physics.
  • To help identify gifted and talented students from our feeder primary schools, Year 5 and 6 students can attend a Forensic Science Day at KES.